Canadian Military Pattern

The Canadian Military Pattern. ('The Pekinese').

The CMP was a Canadian army truck, used during WW2. These trucks were designed and manufactured in Canada and employed for all sorts of purposes. For transport of crew and material, tank-car for water en petrol, mobile workshop, tractor for canons, self propelled, radio-car with send/receiver.
During Worldwar II they were mass-produced, ca. 209.000, in the years 1941-'45 by Ford Motor Company of Canada Ltd and General Motors Products (Chevrolet).

At the liberation of the North of Nederland by the Canadians in April 1945, the trucks were employed in large numbers.
All cars, mentioned, I have seen in action during the liberation of Groningen.

The trucks were manufactured with standard supplies, both Fords and Chevrolets, in various versions.

There were 3 basic models, the 8-cwt, 15-cwt en de 60-cwt or 3-tonner, which only differed in wheelbase.
(CWT=hundredweight = 112 pounds = ca. 50 kg, for instance 15-cwt = 750 kg = 3/4 ton)

The chassis, cab, boxes and accessories were the same for both makes, only engines, gearboxes and axes differed.

Standard : petrol, 4-speed, the bulk production was 4x4.

technical differences
Ford Chevrolet
8 cylinder flathead V8 95 hp/3600 rpm 6-cylinder straight inline 85 hp/3400 rpm
better convoying (more horsepower) better for slow and steady hauling

For the outpost it is difficult to see the differences between Fords of Chevrolets.

visible differences
Ford Chevrolet
assen : split cardan assen : pot cardan
radiatorgrill shape : square radiatorgrill shape : diamond
radiatorguard : lamilated radiatorguard : double leaf
horn : opposite the steering box horn : hidden behind the inlet manifold
  cylindrical radiator overflow tank mounted above the front nearside wing (< 1943)
'Ford Canada' left and right on the front side  
Grill Chevrolet Grill Ford
Crashguard Chevrolet Crashguard Ford

The 8-cwt and the 15-cwt (and some 60-cwt) were equipped with a manhole in the roof of the cab above the nearside. Because of the extensive noise of the engine in the cab and thus possible approaching danger could not be detected, it was used as an observation post.

used in the Dutch army
make indication wheels function tonnage wheelbase
Chevrolet C8a 4x4 HUP 3/8 ton 101 "
Chevrolet C8a 4x4 HUW 3/8 ton 101 "
Chevrolet C15-CWT 4x4 Lorry 3/4 ton 101 "
Chevrolet C60L (long) 4x4 Lorry 3 ton 158 "
Ford F60L (long) 4x4 Lorry 3 ton 158 "
Ford FGT 4x4 FAT 3 ton 101 "
Ford F60B 4x4 Self propelled 3 ton 134 "
Chevrolet C60X 6x6 Mobile workshop 3 ton 160 "
Chevrolet C60S-LAAT (short) 4x4 Tractor 3 ton 134 "
Chevrolet C60L (long) 4x4 Radio car 3 ton 158 "

Na de 2-de wereldoorlog zijn de CMP's (en Dodge's) in grote aantallen overgenomen door het Nederlandse leger. Het was een zware opgave om in Nederland een krijgsmacht op te bouwen. Er was gebrek aan alles. Gelukkig bracht Brits en Canadees oorlogmaterieel, dat tegen voordelige voorwaarden werd verkregen, de nodige uitkomst. De veelal gebruikte auto's waren afkomstig uit legerdumps en bijeengebracht in Amersfoort, waar vastgesteld wat voor de Koninklijke Landmacht bruikbaar was en wat niet. Het afgestoten materieel vond via verkoop door het Ministerie van Financien zijn weg naar de burgersector, waar eveneens een grote behoefte aan voertuigen bestond. Een groot gedeelte van de voertuigen kwam terecht in het toenmalige Nederlands Indie (Politionele actie's, 1947). Daar hebben de auto's de nodige prestatie's geleverd. ' Borst bloot, buik op 't stuur, poot op 't gas, en maar scheuren !' zeiden de toenmalige chauffeurs. Heel wat voertuigen zijn daar verongelukt. De meeste zijn niet gerepatrieerd.

Dat is de reden dat anno nu de Ford's en Chev's, althans in Nederland, zeldzaam zijn.

photographs Chevrolet C8A

Chevrolet C8, Truck Heavy Utility, Personnel, 4x4, C8A-pers.

weight 2700 kg

length 4140 mm

width 2006 mm

height 2286 mm

wheelbase 101" (2565 mm)

frontview

Chevrolet C8A HUW Heavy Utility Wireless Radio-car with send/receiver

photographs Chevrolet 15-CWT

Truck, 15-CWT, 3/4 ton, 4x4, Chevrolet, model BQ-1001 up.

weight 3361 kg

length 4267 mm

width 2235 mm

height 2311 mm

wheelbase 101" (2565 mm)

Chevrolet, C15A, 3/4 ton, 4x4.

Chevrolet, C15A, 3/4 ton, 4x4

water tank-car

photographs Ford F60L

Ford F60L (long)

Lorry, 3 ton, GS, 4x4.

weight 4240 kg

length 6198 mm

width 2286 mm

height 3048

wheelbase 158" (4013 mm)

frontview

Ford F60L, lorry, 3 ton, Ambulance.

weight 5406 kg

length 5817 mm

width 2286 mm

height 2997 mm

wheelbase 158" (4013 mm)

photographs Chevrolet C60L

Chevrolet, C60L, 3 ton, 4x4, lorry, 3 ton, GS.

weight 4445 kg

length 6197 mm

width 2286 mm

height 3048 mm

wheelbase 158" (4013 mm)

Chevrolet, C60L, 3 ton, petrol tank-car

Chevrolet, C60L, 3 ton, 4x4, radio-car

photographs miscellaneous CMP

Chevrolet C60S-LAAT, tractor, light AA, 3 ton, 4x4, model BQ-1001-UP

weight 4650 kg

length 5207 mm

width 2235 mm

height 2565 mm

wheelbase 134" (3404 mm)

Chevrolet, Mobiele werkplaats, C60X, 3 ton, 6x6, lorry, 6-WH

100 hp/3000 rpm ,GMC 270

weight 13190 lbs

length 245"

width 90"

height 125"

wheelbase 160"

Ford, Field Artillery Tractor, (FAT, 3 ton, 4x4) FGT-FAT. 1942-'45, mod. R.

tractor for 25-ponder canon

weight 4899 kg

length 4445 mm

width 2286 mm

wheelbase 101" (2565 mm)

Ford F60B Bofors SP, lorry, 3 ton, 4x4, 40 mm, self propelled.

weight 6078 kg

length 6198 mm

width 2388 mm

height 2591 mm

wheelbase 134" (3034 mm)

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Source 'Nederlandse militaire voertuigen' written by E.W. van Popta/C.M. Schulten.

Last update 10 May, 2000